APA 6th

APA is commonly used in the subjects nutrition, public health, science, arts, music, mathematics education, mathematics, social work, education, mental health, language, political science, nursing, sociology of religion, economics, athletics, literature and media.

APA is an abbreviation for the American Psychological Association. This reference style uses parenthesis in the text with the author's last name and the year of publication. A complete reference list is placed at the end of the text. The references in the list are in alphabetical order according to the authors' last names and should contain all necessary bibliographical data.

Kildekompasset is mainly based on "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Assosiation (6th ed.)"

Anonymous newspaperarticle

In the text

If there is no author of the newspaper article, mention the newspaper as responsible. (Farsunds Avis, 1962, 09.07.)

In the reference list

Newspaper. (year, date). Title.

Farsunds Avis. (1962, 09.07). Sæløer og Korshavn ligger som en protest mot avfolkningstendensen i sørlandsk skjærgård.

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Add as "Newspaper article".

Put the newspaper´s name in the Reporter field (add a comma at the end of the name to avoid invertion) Year, Title and Issue date.

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Author with several publications same year

In the text

If an author has several publications the same year, separate them with a small letter attached to the year.(a b) (Repstad, 2007a, p. 43) (Repstad 2007b p. 78)

In the reference list

Author. (year+letter). Title in italics. City: Publisher.

Repstad, P. (2007a). Hva er sosiologi. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

Repstad, P. (2007b). Mellom nærhet og distanse: Kvalitative metoder i samfunnsfag. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

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Add as "book".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, City and Publisher. EndNote will add the letters if necessary.

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Blog entry

In the text

Author, year (Kleivset, 2010)

In the reference list

Author. (year, date). Title in italics. [Blog]. Retrieved from [URL]

Kleivset, B. (2010, 27.01) Noen 2010-nyheter. [Blog]. Retrieved from http://birgittekleivset.blogspot.com/2010/12/noen-2010-nyheter.html

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title of entry, Date, Destription and URL.

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Book with editor

In the text

Editor, year, page (Tønnessen, 2010, p. 52)

In the reference list

Editor. (Ed.). (year). Title + subtitle in italics. City: Publisher.

Tønnessen, E. S. (Ed.). (2010). Sammensatte tekster: Barns tekstpraksis. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

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Add as "Edited book".

Fill out the fields Editor, Year, Title, City and Publisher.

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Book with one author

In the text

Author, publishing year, page. (Sødal, 2008, p. 53)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. City: Publisher.

Sødal, T. (2008). Til skræk og exempel: Trolldom, dødsstraff og kriminalitet på Agder ca. 1550-1700. Kristiansand: Portal.

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, City and Publisher.

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Book with three-five authors

In the text

The first time all authors are mentioned. Next time only the first author and [et. al] (Fasting, Doksheim & Vatnøy 2011, p. 42) (Fasting et al., 2011, p. 67)

In the reference list

Authors. (year). Title in italics. City: Publisher.

Fasting, M., Doksheim, M., & Vatnøy, E.. (2011). Den norske velferden. Oslo: Civita.

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Fill out the fields Author (press enter between the authors to separate them) Year, Title, City and Publisher.

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Book with two authors

In the text

Both authors are mentioned every time.

Authors, year, page. (Nielsen & Thon, 2008, p. 44)

In the reference list

Authors. (year). Title in italics. City: Publisher.

Nielsen, M.-B. O., & Thon, J. (2008). Wergelandenes kristiansand: Byguide. Kristiansand: Wergelandselskapet.

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Fill out the fields Author (press enter between the authors to separate them) Year, Title, City and Publisher.

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Chapter in edited book

In the text

Author, year, page (Haakdal, 2010, p. 174)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title. In the editor (Ed.) of the book, The book title  in italics (pages). City: Publisher.

Haakedal, E. (2010). Hva er en disippel?: Multimodalitet i elevarbeidsbøker. In E. S. Tønnessen (Ed.), Sammensatte tekster: Barns tekstpraksis (pp. 171-191). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

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Add as "Book section".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Editor, Book title, City, Publisher, Pages.

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Compendium

In the text

If the reference to the original text is given, use this. If not, give reference to the compendium

(Nedrelid and Kofoed, s.a.)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title. In Title of compendium in italics. City: university/college.

Nedrelid, T. E., & Kofoed, Ståle d. L. (s.a.). Utnytt søkemotorene Kompendium: Informasjonskompetansedelen av NO 120. Kristiansand: Universitety of Agder.

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Conference paper - abstract found online

In the text

Author, year (Rødland, 2010)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title. Paper presented at the [name of the conference, year and place]. Abstract retrieved from [URL].

Rødland, I. (2010). Fagreferenten - arbeidsoppgaver og forventninger. Paper presented at the Fagreferentkonferanse 2010, Stavanger. Abstract retrieved from http://www.uis.no/article.php?articleID=23134&categoryID=6006

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Conference Name, Conference Location and URL (Type "Abstract retrieved from" before the URL)

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E-book

In the text

Author, year (Stansell, 2010)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Book title in italics. doi / Retrieved from [URL]

Stansell, C. (2010). The feminist promise: 1792 to the present Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/agder/docDetail.action?docID=1038623

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Add as "Electronic Book".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title and doi / URL

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E-mail

In the text

Name the person cited and if necessary, place of work. Give information as to why you are citing this person, that this is an e-mail, and the date of the e-mail. Make sure you ask the person in question if you may cite him/her and if you are citing him/her correctly.

In the reference list

Do not include in reference list.

In EndNote

Can be added in EndNote as "Personal communication" to save information.

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Image found online

In the text

Title of the image, year (Library, 2011)

In the reference list

Image title. [Image] (year). Retrieved from URL.

Library. [Bilde] (2011). Hentet fra http://www.colourbox.com

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Add as "Webpage".


Fill out the fields Year, Title (followed by [image]) and URL.

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Image from printed source

In the text

Give reference to the item you found the image in. For exapmle, from a book. Give information in the text about what you have used.

The painting "The wise virgin" by Jay DeFeo is an example of beat art (Forsgren, 2008, p. 124)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. City: Publisher.

Forsgren, F. (2008). Beatkunst i Norge. Oslo: Press.

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, City and Publisher.

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Journal article with six or seven authors

In the text

Only the first author is mentioned + et al. and year + page. (Pfennig et al., 2013, p. 200)

In the reference list

All authors are listed. (year). Title. Journal title in italics, volume(issue), pages. doi:

Pfennig, A., Ritter, P. S., Höfler, M., Lieb, R., Bauer, M., Wittchen, H. U., & Beesdo-Baum, K. (2016). Symptom characteristics of depressive episodes prior to the onset of mania or hypomania. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica, 133(3), 196-204. doi: 10.1111/acps.12469

Jang, B.-S., Kallåk, B., Lee, C.-H., Ko, D.-E., Suh, Y.-S., & Yang, Y.-S. (2010). A process-centric ship design management framework. Official Journal of the Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers, 15(1), 23-33. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00773-009-0071-4

 

Note: If information on DOI or URL is missing exclude this form the reference.

Note: If information on volume is missing exclude this from the reference.

 

In EndNote

Article from printed journal: add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI

 

Article from online journal: add as "Electronic article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL. (DOI is preferred)

 

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Journal article with one author

In the text

Author, year, page (Fredwall, 2004, p. 235)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title. Journal title in italicsvolume(issue), pages. doi:

Mersland, R.(2011). The impact of international influence on microbanks' performance: A global survey. International Business Review, 20(2), 163-176. doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2010.07.006

Larsen, A. I. (2009). Krigen på Sri Lanka og stormaktsinteresser i det indiske hav. Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning, 50(4), 551-566. Retrieved from http://www.idunn.no/ts/tfs/2009/04/art07

Fredwall, T. E. (2004). Mellom nærhet og distanse: Om Unn i Tarjei Vesaas' roman Is-slottet. Edda, 91(3), 218-237.

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In EndNote

Article from printed journal: add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI

 

Article from online journal: add as "Electronic article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL. (DOI is preferred)

 

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Journal article with three-five authors

In the text

All authors are mentioned the first time. (Hansen, Ekholm & Kjøller 2008, p. 207)

After this only the first one followed by et al. (Hansen et al., p. 208)

In the reference list

Authors. (year). Title. Journal title in italics, volume(issue), pages. doi:

Hansen, A. R., Ekholm, O., & Kjøller, M. (2008). Health behaviour among non-western immigrants with Danish citizenship. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 36(2), 205-210. doi: 10.1177/1403494807085065

Mattsson, J. T., Peltoniemi, M. & Parvinen, P. M. T. (2010). Genre‐deviating artist entry: the role of authenticity and fuzziness. Management Decision, 48(9), 1355-1364. doi: 10.1108/00251741011082107

 

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In EndNote

Article from printed journal: add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI

 

Article from online journal: add as "Electronic article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL. (DOI is preferred)

 

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Journal article with two authors

In the text

Both authors are mentioned every time + year and page (Sointu & Woodhead, 2008, 262)

In the reference list

Authors. (year). Title. Journal title in italics, volume(issue), pages. doi:

Sointu, E., & Woodhead, L. (2008). Spirituality, gender, and expressive selfhood. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 47(2), 259-276. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5906.2008.00406.x

Hippe, J. M., & Steen, S. I. (2015). Før tariffoppgjøret 2016: Adgangen til å opprette (brede) felles tjenestepensjonsordninger. Arbeidsrett, 9(2), 193-211. Retrieved from http://www.idunn.no/ts/arbeid/2015/02/foer_tariffoppgjoeret_2016_adgangen_til_aa_opprette_brede_f

 

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In EndNote

Article from printed journal: add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI

 

Article from online journal: add as "Electronic article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL. (DOI is preferred)

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Norwegian laws and regulations

In the text

Short title of the law, year, paragraph

(The Copyright act, 1961, § 4)

In the reference list

Law/regulation short title. (Year). The full name of the law/regulation with the date of adoption and number in italics. Retrived from URL

The copyright act. (1961). Act No. 2 of 12 May 1961 relating to copyright in literary, scientific and artistic works, etc.  Retrived from: https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/1961-05-12-2 

Remove the URL if you are referencing the printed edition of the Norwegian Laws.

Always reference the original law unless you refer to a particular change in the law. If you are referencing a particular change, you have to use the date for the change instead of the date of the original law.

 

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Add as "Government document".

Fill in the fields Author (Law/regulation short title) Year, Title (the full name of the law/regulation) and URL 

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Master thesis

In the text

Author, year, page (Daland 2010, p. 68)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. Master thesis. Publisher: City.


Daland, L. H. (2010). Livskraften ebber ut: En undersøkelse av befolkningsendringen i utvalgte uthavnssamfunn mellom lindesnes og lista 1900-1970. Master thesis. L.H. Daland, Kristiansand.

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, City og University (name of author) and thesis type.

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Master thesis online

In the text

Author, year (Fjalsett, 2010)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. Retrieved from [URL]

Fjalsett, G. K. (2010). Fra forfølgelse til statsreligion: Aspekter ved forholdet mellom stat og kirke på 300 tallet i bysants. Retrieved from http://idtjeneste.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-bibsys_brage_13517

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Multi-volume work

In the text

Editor, years (Helle, 1994-1998)

In the reference list

Editor. (Ed.). (years). Title in italics (Volume). City: Publisher.

Helle, K. (Ed.). (1994-1998). Aschehougs norgeshistorie (Vol. 1-12). Oslo: Aschehoug.

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Fill out the fields Editor, Year, Title, Volume, Publisher og City.

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Music Recording (CD/MP3)

In the text

Writer, copyright date, track number

(Bernard & Smith, 1934/2010, track 7)

If the copyright date and recording date are different, use both dates in the citation.

In the reference list

Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer]. On Title of album in italics  [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from song copyright date).

Bernard, F. & Smith, R. B. (1934). Winter wonderland [Recorded by Kurt Nilsen]. On Have yourself a merry little Christmas  [CD]. Oslo: Playroom Music. (2010).

If the recording was found on the internet add URL instead of Place Published/Publisher. 

In EndNote

Add as "Music".

Fill in the fields Composer, Year, Title, Album Title, Form of Item, Placed Published and Publisher. 

Add recorded by and date of recording manually.

If the recording was found online add URL manually instead of Place Published/Publisher.

To add additional information manually convert your document into plain text.

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Music CD pamphlet

In the text

Artist, year

(Birkeland and Trædal, 2004)

In the reference list

Artist. (Year). Title in the CD pamphlet. Title of CD in italics [CD pamphlet]. Place published: Publisher.

Birkeland, M. and Trædal, T. (2004). Dansk musikk for cello og klaver. Dansk cellomusikk [CD pamphlet]. Kristiansand: Høgskolen i Agder.

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Add as "Audiovisual Material".


Fill in the fields Author, Year, Title, Series Title, Type, Place published and Publisher.

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Newspaper article

In the text

Author, year  (Inntjore, 2005)

In the reference list

Author. (year, date). Title. Newspaper title in italics, pages.

Inntjore, H. (2005, 23.08). Kan Agder likestilles?, Fædrelandsvennen, p. 4.

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Fill out the fields Reporter, Year, Title, Newspaper, Pages and Issue date.

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Newspaper article from online newspaper

In the text

Author, year (Leer-Salvesen, 2008)

In the reference list

Author. (year, date). Title. Newspaper title in italics. Retrieved from [URL]

Leer-Salvesen, P. (2008, 10, 23.). Sinn lønn verd? Fædrelandsvennen. Retrieved from http://www.fvn.no/mening/debatt/article621538.ece?redir=true

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Encyclopedia

In the text

Author, year, page number

(Menter, 2015, p. 51)

If an author is not specified, put the title of the headword/entry in the author position.

In the reference list

Author. (Year). Title of entry. In (ed.), name of encyclopedia in italics. Retrieved from URL

Menter, I. (2015). Teacher Education. In J. D. Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  (2 ed.). Retrieved from  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080970868920853

If an encyclopedia does not have an editor, you do not have to include this in your reference.

Information literacy. (2017). in Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_literacy

If you do not have an URL, replace this with place published: publisher

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Add as "Book section".

Fill in the fields Author, Year, Title, Editor, Book Title, Place Published and Publisher.

If you are using an online encyclopedia add the URL manually once you have converted the document into "plain text"

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Online film

In the text

Video title, year. (FINAL - Reference librarianship in Star Wars, 2010)

In the reference list

Title. (year). [video]. Retrieved from URL

FINAL - Reference librarianship in Star Wars. (2010). [Videoklipp]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/7WD_QMWba-A

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Fill out the fields Year, Title [video] and URL.

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Ph.D. thesis

In the text

Author, year, page (Dørum, 2004 p. 32)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. Ph.D. thesis. Faculty, University, City.

Dørum, K. (2004). Romerike og riksintegreringen: Integreringen av romerike i det norske rikskongedømmet i perioden ca. 1000-1350. Ph.D. thesis. Det humanistiske fakultet, Universitetet i Oslo, Oslo.

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Ph.D. thesis online

In the text

Author, year (Hovdelien, 2011)

In the reference list

Author. (year). Title in italics. Ph.D. thesis. Retrieved from [URL].

Hovdelien, O. (2011). Den multikulturelle skolen - hva mener rektorene? Grunnskolerektorer, skolens verdiforankring og religions- og livssynsundervisningen. Ph.D. thesis. Retrieved from http://idtjeneste.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-bibsys_brage_8587

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Online Report

In the text

Author, year, page number

(Seeberg, 2011, p. 4)

In the reference list

Author. (Year). Title in italics.  (Report number). Retrieved from URL

Seeberg, M. L. (2011). Kunnskapsstatus (1990-2010): Forskning om etnisk diskriminering av barn og unge (NOVA rapport 8/2011). Retrieved from http://www.nova.no/asset/4573/1/4573_1.pdf

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Fill in the fields Author, Year, Title, Report number and URL

 

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DVD/Blu-ray/VHS

In the text

Director & Producer, year

(Fonda & Lumet, 2005)

 

In the reference list

Director & Producer (Roles). (Year). Title in italics. [Material type]. Place published: publisher.


Fonda, H. (Producer), & Lumet, S. (Director). (1957). 12 angry men. [DVD]. USA: Orion-Nova Productions.

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Website

In the text

Author, year

(Melteig, 2016)

When a website has no personal author, please include the name of the responsible organization/institution. If there is no responsible organization/institution, please use the title of the page as the substitute for the author/organization.

(The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2016)

In the reference list

Author. (Year). Title in italics. Retrieved from URL
 
Melteig, E. (2016). Cod's immune system is not special any more. Retrieved from https://titan.uio.no/node/1916

Organization/institution. (Year).Title in italics. Retrieved from URL

The Economist Intelligence Unit. (2016). Budget agreement avoids government collapse. Retrieved from  http://country.eiu.com/article.aspx?articleid=134890997&Country=Norway&topic=Politics&subtopic=Forecast&subsubtopic=Political+stability&u=1&pid=1015043085&oid=1015043085&uid=1

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Fill in the fields Author, Year, Series title and URL.

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Brochures and pamphlets

In the text

The responsible institution/organisation, year (Norwegian Environment Agency, 2013)

In the reference list

The responsible institution/organisation. (year). Title in italics [Brochure]. Place published: Publisher.

 

Norwegian Environment Agency. (2013). Right to roam [Brochure]. Trondheim: Norwegian Environment Agency.

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Fill out the fields Author, Year, Series title, Type, Place published og Publisher.

 

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Journal article with eight or more authors

In the text

Only the first author is mentioned + et al. and year + page. (Zhang et al., 2013, p. 3185)

In the reference list

The first six authors, ... the last author. (year). Title. Journal title in italics, volume(issue), pages. doi:

Zhang, W., Wang, G., Liu, Y., Zhao, X., Zou, D., Zhu, C., . . . Zreiqat, H. (2013). The synergistic effect of hierarchical micro/nano-topography and bioactive ions for enhanced osseointegration. Biomaterials, 34(13), 3184-3195. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.01.008

Kim, J., Cho, M., Hong, J. P., Bae, J., Cho, S. J., Hahm, B., . . . Chang, S. M. (2015). Gender differences in depressive symptom profile: Results from nationwide general population surveys in Korea. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 30(11), 1659-1666. Hentet fra https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4630484/

Note: If information on DOI or URL is missing exclude this form the reference.

Note: If information on volume is missing exclude this from the reference.

 

 

In EndNote

Article from printed journal: add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI

 

Article from online journal: add as "Electronic article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL. (DOI is preferred)

 

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Podcast/Radio

In the text

Producer, year 

(Chivvis, 2014)

List the primary contributors in the author position.

 

In the reference list

Producer etc. (Roles). (Year). Title in italics. [Material type]. Retrieved from URL

List the primary contributors in the author position and use parentheses to identify their contribution. 

Chivvis, D. (Producer). (2014). Serial [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://serialpodcast.org/season-one

To cite an episode of a podcast or radio series, use the same format as chapter in a book, but list the scriptwriter and director in the author position, and the producer in the editor position.

Koenig, S. (Writer). (2014). The Alibi. [Podcast episode]. In S. Koenig, J. Snyder & Chivvis, D. (producers), Serial . Retrieved from https://serialpodcast.org/season-one/1/the-alibi


In EndNote

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Sheet music

In the text

Composer, year

(Beethoven, 2002)

In the reference list

Composer. (Year). Title in italics [Material type]. Place published: publisher

Beethoven, L. (Composer). (2002). Fur Elise [Sheet music]. New York: Random House. (Original work published 1810).

If you are using a reprint of an old score include original publication date.

If the sheet music was found on the internet add URL instead of Place Published/Publisher. 

In EndNote

Add as "Audiovisuelt materialet"

Fill in the fields Author, Year,  Series Title, Type, Place Published and Publisher.

Add original publication date and composer manually.

If the sheet music was found online add URL manually instead of Place Published/Publisher.

To add additional information manually convert your document into plain text.

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Personal Communication (Lecture notes, e-mails etc.)

In the text

Specify the name of the person(s) involved, why the source is relevant, and give as precise a date as possible. Get the approval to cite the person(s) involved and make sure you quote correctly.

My teacher's advice was: "don't be afraid of making mistakes, that's how we learn". (D, Smith, personal communication, december 2016).    

In the reference list

These sources are not included in the reference list.

Private letters, e-mails, conversations, phone calls, and other type of communication which are irretrievable for others is referred to as personal communication and is not included in the reference list. This also includes notes and handouts that are not available for others.

 

In EndNote

Can be added as "Personal communication" in order to save the information.

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White papers (Norwegian Government)

In the text

Ministry, year, page number

(Ministry of Finance, 2017, p. 10)

In the reference list

Ministry. (Year). Title of white paper in italics. (Meld. St. nr. session, dvs. year). Retrieved from URL 

Ministry of Finance. (2017). Long-term perspectives on the Norwegian Economy 2017 - a summary of main points. (Meld. St. 29. 2016 - 2017) Retrieved from https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-29-20162017/id2546674/sec1

If you do not have an URL, replace this with place published: publisher

 

In EndNote

Add as "Government documents"

Fill in the fields Author (write the name of the ministry with a comma at the end to prevent abbreviations), Year, Title, Report number and URL, or Place published /publisher.

 

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Propositions to the Norwegian Government

In the text

Ministry, year, page number

(Ministry of Defence, 2017, p. 5)

In the reference list

Ministry. (Year). Title of proposition in italics. (Proposition number). Retrieved from URL 

Ministry of Defence. (2017). Invisteringar i forsvaret og andre saker.(Prop. 123 S. 2016-2017) Retrieved from https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/prop.-123-s-20162017/id2549911/

If you do not have an URL, replace this with place published: publisher

In EndNote

Add as "Government documents"

Fill in the fields Author (write the name of the Ministry with a comma at the end to prevent abbreviations), Year, Title, Report number and URL, or Place published /publisher.

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Circulars (Norwegian Government)

In the text

Ministry, year, page number

(Ministry of Children and Equality, 2015, p. 4)

In the reference list

Ministry. (Year). Title of proposition in italics. (Circular number). Retrieved from URL 

Ministry of Children and Equality. (2015). Guidelines for processing child welfare cases where children have ties to other countries. (Q-42/2015). Retrieved from https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/q-422015-guidelines-for-processing-child-welfare-cases-where-children-have-ties-to-other-countries/id2467847/

If you do not have an URL, replace this with place published: publisher

In EndNote

Add as "Government documents"

Fill in the fields Author (Write the name of the Ministry with a comma at the end to prevent abbreviations), Year, Title, Report Number and URL, or Place published /publisher.

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NOU

In the text

NOU year:number, page number

(NOU 2010:6, p. 73) 

In the reference list

NOU year:number. (Year). Title in italics. Retrieved from URL

NOU 2010:6. (2010). Pensjonslovene og folketrygdreformen. Retrieved from https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/nou-2010-6/id603907/

If you do not have an URL, replace this with place published: publisher

In EndNote

Add as "Government document".

Fill in the fields Author (Enter the name of NOU with a comma at the end to prevent abbreviations), Year, Title, and URL or Place published/Publisher.

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Curriculum/Framework

In the text

Ministry/organisation, year, page number

(Ministry of education and research, 2011, p. 5)

 

In the reference list

Ministry/Organisation. (The year the curriculum/framework applies from). Title in italics. Retrieved from: URL

Ministry of education and research. (2011). Rammeplan for barnehagens innhold og oppgaver. Retrieved from: http://www.udir.no/laring-og-trivsel/rammeplan/barnehagens-innhold/rammeplan-for-barnehagens-innhold-og-oppgaver/

If you have used lovdata.no to read the curriculum/framework use the box "Norwegian laws and regulations" instead.

In EndNote

Add as "Government Document"

Fill in the fields Author (write the name of the ministry/organisation with a comma at the end to prevent abbreviations), Title, Year, and URL

 

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