IEEE

IEEE is used in engineering and in ICT studies.

The references are numbered in the order they appear in the text and are enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [1].  If you need to cite a particular page, it can be done like this: [1:34]. A reference list is placed at the end of the text containing full details of the sources.  The references appear in numerical order using the same numbers as in the text.

See "IEEE Editorial Style Manual", chapter V for more information.

 

Book with one author

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Author, Title of the book in italics, xth ed. City: Publisher, Year.

[14] J. D. Cressler, Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 2016.

In EndNote

Add as "Book".
 
Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, City, Publisher, Year and Edition.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Book with two - six authors

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc. 

In the reference list

[#] Authors, Title of the book in italics, xth ed. City: Publisher, Year.
 
[12] T. Aven, M. Boyesen, O. Njå, K. H. Olsen, and K. Sandve, Samfunnssikkerhet. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 2004.

In EndNote

Add as "Book".
 
Fill out the fields Author (press enter between the authors to separate them) Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher and Edition.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Book with more than six authors

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc. 

In the reference list

[#] Authors, Title of the book in italics, xth ed. City: Publisher, Year.
 
[#] R. Otnes et al., Underwater Acoustics Networking Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.

In EndNote

Add as "Book".
 
Fill out the fields Author (press enter between the authors to separate them), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher and Edition.

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Chapter in edited book

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Author of chapter, "Title of chapter," in Book title in italics,  xth ed. Book editor, Ed. City: Publisher, Year, Pages.

[2] A. A. Azab and H. Meling, "Decentralized service allocation in a broker overlay based grid," in Cloud Computing: First International Conference, M. E. Jaatun et al., Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2009, pp. 200-211.

In EndNote

Add as "Book section".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Editor, Book title, Place Published, Publisher, Pages.

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Conference paper

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] "Title", Time of conference, City, Number of pages.

[23] N. Ferguson, "Learner-based teaching : Athens 1981 : a selection of papers read at the IATEFL-conference" in The IATEFL-conference, Athens, 1981. Trier: [s.n.], 1981. 2-53.

In EndNote

Add as "Conference Proceedings".

Fill out the fields Title, Conference Location, Publisher and Date.

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Conversation/ phone call

In the text

In the reference list

Do not include in the reference list.

In EndNote

Can be added as "Personal communication" to save the information you have from the conversation.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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E-book

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Author(s), Title of book in italics, xth ed. Place of publisher: Publisher, Year. [Online]. Available: URL

[11] C. H. Wu and C. Chen, Bioinformatics for comparative proteomics.  New York: Humana Press, 2011. [E-bok]. Available: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9781607619765

In EndNote

Add as "Electronic Book".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Place published, Publisher, Edition, Type of medium and URL

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E-mail

In the text

In the reference list

Do not include in the reference list.

In EndNote

Can be added as "Personal communication" to save the information you have from the e-mail.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Edited book

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Editor(s), Eds., Title of the book in italics. City: Publisher, Year.

[8] P. Snickars and P. Vonderau, Eds., Moving data: the iPhone and the future of media. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.

In EndNote

Add as "Edited book".

Fill out the fields Editor, Year, Title, Place Published and Publisher.

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Electronic article

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

Electronic article is here registered as articles in paper format, but you can bring your URL (internet adress) or DOI (Digital object identifier) at the end of the reference.

[#] Author(s), "Title of article", Journal title in italics, Volume, Issue, Pages, Year. [Online]. Available: URL (or DOI)

[10] V. Kjelland, B. Ytrehus, T. Vikoren, S. Stuen, T. Skarpaas, og A. Slettan, "Borrielia burgdorferi sensu lato detected in skin of Norwegian mountain hares (lepus timidus) without signs of dissemination", Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 293-299, 2011. [Online].  Available: http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/pdf/10.7589/0090-3558-47.2.293

In EndNote

Add as "Journal article"

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages and URL or DOI.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Journal article with one author

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc. 

In the reference list

[#] Author, "Title of article", Journal title in italics, Volume, Issue, Pages, Year.


[9] T. Aven, "On performance measures for multistate monotone systems," Reliability Engineering and System Safety, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 259-266, 1993.

In EndNote

Add as "Journal article".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue and Pages.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Journal article with more than six authors

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] First author et al., "Title of article," Journal title in italics, Voumel, Issue, Pages, Year.

[17] A. Hong et al., "Real-time holographic tracking and control of microrobots," IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 143-148, 2017.

In EndNote

Add as "Journal article".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages.

Press enter between the authors to separate them.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Journal article with two - six authors

In the text

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Authors, "Title of article," Journal title in italics, Volume, Issue, Pages, Year.

[#] A. R. Hansen, O. Ekholm and M. Kjøller, "Health behaviour among non-western immigrants with danish citizenship," Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 143-148, 2017.

In EndNote

Add as "Journal article".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages.

Press enter between the authors to separate them.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Laws and regulations

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Title in italics, Year.

[1] Lov om opphavsrett til åndsverk m.v., 1961.

In EndNote

Add as "Legal Rule or Regulation".


Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title.

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Lecture

In the text

In the reference list

Do not include in the reference list.

In EndNote

Can be added as "Personal communication" to save the information you have from the lecture.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Master´s or doctoral thesis

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Author, "Title," City: University, Year.

[#] L. H. Daland, "Livskraften ebber ut: en undersøkelse av befolkningsendringen i utvalgte uthavnssamfunn mellom Lindesnes og Lista 1900-1970." Master Thesis, Kristiansand: University of Agder, 2010.

In EndNote

Add as "thesis".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Thesis type, Place Published and University (use the author´s name here)

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Newspaper article

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Author, "Title," in Newspaper title in italics, Pages, Publishing date.

[1] H. Inntjore, "Kan Agder likestilles?," in Fædrelandsvennen,  2005.08.23.

In EndNote

Add as "Newspaper article".

Fill out the fields Reporter, Year, Title, Newspaper, Issue date.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Online newspaper article

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Author, "Title," Newspaper title in italics, Publishing date. [Online]. Available: URL. [Retrieved date].

[#] P. Leer-Salvesen. (2008), Sin lønn verd? Fædrelandsvennen. Available: http://www.fvn.no/mening/debatt/article621538.ece?redir=true [Retrieved 28.08.2011].

In EndNote

Add as "Electronic article".


Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Periodical title and URL.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Paper presented at conferences

In the text

Not all of the papers presented at a conference will be published. You can still quote them.

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

 [#] Author(s), "Title of paper," presented at the Name of conference, City, Country, Year.

[1] F. Wang, H. Chen, J. Zhao og C. Rong, "IDMTM: A novel intrusion detection mechanism based on trust model for ad hoc networks," presented at the 22nd International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, Ginowan, Japan, 2008.

In EndNote

Add as "Conference Paper".
 
Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Conference name and Conference location.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Patents

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Inventor(s). "Patent title," Patentnumber, Date and Year.
  
 [#] P. Tveit and T. Laursen, "Slepeanordning for barn på ski der slepet festes via skituppene på barnets ski," NO 300356, 16. juli, 1997.

In EndNote

Add as "patent".

Fill out the fields Inventor (press enter to separate the inventors if there are more than one), Year, Title, Patent Version Number and Issue date.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Report online

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Author. (Year). Title. Volume. Available: URL.

[#] M. L. Seeberg. (2011). Kunnskapsstatus (1990-2010): forskning om etnisk diskriminering av barn og unge. Vol. 8. Available: http://www.nova.no/asset/4573/1/4573_1.pdf

In EndNote

Add as "Electronic book".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, Title, Secondary title (serial title), Publisher, Volume and URL

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Standards

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Title in italics, Standard number, Year.
 
 [1] Areal- og volumberegning av bygninger, NS 3940, 2007.

In EndNote

Add as "Standard".

Fill out the fields Title, Rule Number, Year.

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Statistics

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Statistics Producer. "Title." Available: URL.

[#] Statistics Norway. "Befolkningsstatistikk. Adopsjoner 2010. Flere gutter fra Kina."  Available: http://www.ssb.no/adopsjon/.

In EndNote

Add as "Web Page".
 
Fill out the fields Author, Title and URL.

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Video, DVD

In the text

[#]

In the reference list

Narrator`s name, narrator ; producer`s name, producer, Title [DVD]. City: Publisher; Year.

[1] T. Lambert and C. Harrison, Guns, germs and steel [DVD]. [S.l.]: National Geographic, 2005.

In EndNote

Add as "Film or broadcast".


Fill out the fields Director, Year released, Country, Distributor, and Medium

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Website

In the text

IEEE Editorial Style Manual have no suggestions on how to refer to a Website. This is the Citation compass' suggestion on how to do this:


Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[#] Author. (Year). Title of Website in italics. Available: URL
 
[5] M. G. Torheim. (2016). Students from around the world. Available: http://www.uis.no/news/students-from-around-the-world-article110882-8865.html 

In EndNote

Add as "Web page".

Fill out the fields Author, Year, title, Access year, Access date, URL

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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Website without personal author

In the text

The IEEE Manual has no solution of how to refer to a Website. The Citation Compass recommends:

Citations in the text: [1], [2], etc.

In the reference list

[1] Organization. (Year).Title in italics. Avaliable: URL.

[14] University Library of Stavanger. (2016). Opening ceremony for the Kongsgård lounge. Available: http://www.uis.no/library/news/opening-ceremony-for-the-kongsgard-lounge-article110741-9658.html

In EndNote

Add as "Web page".

Fill out the fields Author (use the insitutions name here) Year, Title and URL

Sist oppdatert: 2/17/2017
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