Audiovisual media

In-text citations

Format: Producer / Writer / Director, Year / Yearspan

Ex: Fonda 2005

Ex 2: Gervais & Merchant 2001-2003

Note: For online media, such as streaming video, the upload date should be added

Ex: Radic 2020 July 22

In the reference list

Stand alone productions:

Format film: Director / Producer (Roles). (Year). Title of work in italics.[Description]. Production company.

Ex. film: Avildsen, J.G. (Director). (1976). Rocky [Film]. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Format streaming video: Person/Group/Organisation [Nickname] (Year, date) Title in italics [Description] Platform. URL

Ex: Radic, A. [Agadmator] (2020, July 22.) The Cheapo! || Anand vs Carlsen || Chess24 Legends of Chess (2020) [Video] Youtube.


Audiovisuals that are part of a greater whole, e.g. series:

Format series: Writer / Director / Producer (Roles). (Years). Title of series in italics  [Description]. Production company.

EX series: Gervais, R. (Writer and Director), & Merchant, S. (Writer and Director). (2001-2003). The office [TV series]. BBC.

Format episode: Writer / Director / Producer (Roles). (Year, date). Title of the episode in italics (Season No. Episode No. ) [Description] In P.P. Producer (Executive producers) Title of series. Production company

Ex episode: Martin, G.R.R. (Writer), & Nutter, D. (Director). (2013, January, 11.). The Rains of Castamere (Season 3, Episode 9) [TV series] In D. Benioff & D. B. Weiss (Executive producers) Game of Thrones. HBO.

We have many good answers in our FAQ!

Last modified on: October 11th, 2021