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Format: Only first author + “et. al”. year: page
Ex.: Howard et al. 2021: 39
Format: All authors. (year). Article title. Journal title in italics, volume(issue), pages. DOI/URL:
Example 1 without DOI:
Howard, J., Bingener, C., & Howard, T. C. (2021). Essential strategies for inclusive teaching: Academic spaces have often excluded black students. With care, we can change that dynamic. Educational Leadership, 79(4), 38-43.
Example 2 with DOI:
Kociumaka, T., Radoszewski, J., & Starikovskaya, T. (2019). Longest common substring with approximately k mismatches. Algorithmica, 81(6), 2633-2652. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00453-019-00548-x
Example 3 with article number or e-locator:
Franzen, J. L., Gingerich, P. D., Habersetzer, J., Hurum, J. H., von Koenigswald, W., & Smith, B. H. (2009). Complete primate skeleton from the middle Eocene of Messel in Germany: Morphology and paleobiology. PLoS ONE, 4(5), Article e5723. https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0005723
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Last modified on: May 24th, 2022